Fire doors are necessary in almost all buildings, playing a huge role in the safety and protection of both the building and its occupants. As a result of this, fire doors have to meet multiple regulations with regards to accessibility, ventilation, and even sound.
These highly stringent regulations ensure that all fire doors are fitted to the same standard in the eyes of the law. Whether you’re a contractor, architect, or quantity surveyor, it’s important to have an awareness of the fire door safety regulations that apply to your buildings.
It is highly unlikely that you will ever find yourself working on a building that doesn’t require a fire door; they must be fitted in all buildings that are divided into different rooms or compartments. Any hallways, corridors, rooms or pathways that could serve as escape routes during a fire need to be protected by means of fire doors.
A building’s purpose can also play a role in dictating the number and placement of fire doors. For example, in mixed-use buildings, fire doors should be installed in any doorway that leads from the commercial to domestic areas of the building. Domestic dwellings with two or more floors require a fire door to be installed in any doorway leading from a stairwell into a habitable room.
Not all fire doors have the same level of fire resistance and fire safety regulations regarding resistance time vary depending on the building’s size, function, number of rooms, floors, and location. We generally recommend installing fire safety doors with a resistance time of at least two hours to ensure compliance. At Rotec, we can install fire doors with a resistance period from two to four hours depending on the model, and we will advise clients in any instances where we think a higher resistance time may legally be required.
In addition to placement and resistance period there are a number of other safety regulations that all fire doors must comply with. The most obvious, and easily forgotten example of this being that any fire door in a non-domestic building must have the correct signage on both sides, clearly indicating that it is a fire door.
It’s easy to overlook elements such as smoke seals as ‘optional extras’ but there are many cases where these elements are not only vital to the safety of your building and its occupants but are also required by law. For example, smoke seals are legally required when a fire door approaches or protects an escape route, such as a staircase or corridor, or when a fire door is installed in a corridor that leads to a dead end. Our team at Rotec will be able to advise when such elements become legal requirements.
When it comes to fire door safety regulations, we have an expert understanding of what is required to ensure your building is 100% compliant. Contact us today for a consultation, product information, and advice.